Design for the Environment (dfE) Program Alternatives Assessment Criteria for Hazard Evaluation


Source: EPA
Related Topics: Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)

The Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics has posted final criteria for evaluating human and environmental effects under EPA’s Design for the Environment (DfE) Alternatives Assessment program.  

The DfE program helps companies and other groups, such as states and environmental organizations, identify safer alternatives to chemicals that may pose a concern to human health and the environment. Alternatives Assessments are important actions for addressing priority chemicals, including chemicals for which EPA has issued action plans that outline steps needed to address risks to the public and the environment. DfE Alternatives Assessments evaluate priority chemicals and likely alternatives with the goal of “informing substitution” to safer alternatives and reducing the likelihood of choosing a poorly understood or more hazardous chemical as a substitute.

DfE Alternatives Assessments for Bisphenol A (BPA), Decabromodiphenyl ether (decaBDE), and Nonylphenol ethoxylate (NPE) surfactants will be released as final drafts for public comment later this year. The BPA Alternatives Assessment evaluates use of BPA and its alternatives in thermal paper and receipts, both shown to be potential exposure pathways. The decaDBE Alternatives Assessment addresses flame retardant alternatives in products such as textiles, plastic palettes, and electronics. The NPE Alternatives Assessment will evaluate NPE alternative surfactants using the DfE screen for safer surfactants and the alternative assessment criteria as an overlay to enhance chemical differentiation.  An Alternatives Assessment for hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) in polystyrene insulating foam is now underway.  The Agency will kick-off an Alternatives Assessment for phthalates on August 24.

The DfE alternatives assessment criteria are available through the following link: Version 2.0 Alternatives Assessment Criteria for Hazard Evaluation 

For more information about the DfE Alternatives Assessments, visit:
DfE Alternatives Assessments


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