DfE Alternatives Assessment Reports for DecaBDE and BPA in Thermal Paper


Source: EPA
Related Topics: Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) US Environmental Protection Agency
EPA today released two final Alternatives Assessment Reports for the flame retardant DecaBDE and BPA in thermal paper. These comprehensive assessments were developed with public participation under EPA’s Design for the Environment (DfE) program and profile the environmental and human health hazards for DecaBDE, BPA, and their alternatives.

DecaBDE is a flame retardant that has been used in electronics, vehicles, textiles, and building materials. The U.S. manufacturers of DecaBDE committed to phase-out production of the chemical by December 2013.  The final DfE Alternatives Assessment Report on DecaBDE profiles 29 alternatives, including some predicted to be safer than DecaBDE.  This report is part of a broader agency effort to address flame retardant chemicals.  Additional information on this report can be found at

BPA is used as a building block for plastics and to develop images on thermal paper, which is used in printed retail receipts, and in many other applications, such as airline and movie tickets. EPA’s final BPA DfE Alternatives Assessment includes a review of 19 chemicals that may be used as heat-activated “developers” in thermal paper.  The assessment found that there were trade-offs with respect to human health or environmental safety for all of the possible alternatives.  Information on this report can be found at

For more information on EPA’s Design for the Environment program, please visit:

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