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Regulatory Information

Stop 20: Landfill

Highlighted Topic:  Solid Waste

Tour Stop 20This landfill receives solid, non-hazardous waste from facility activities.  Although not as heavily regulated as hazardous waste, solid waste must still be managed according to regulation.  Here are some issues to consider:

1. Empty containers: 
In general, empty containers of hazardous materials or hazardous waste are considered non-hazardous, and can be disposed of as solid waste.   However, in practice, you might find it difficult to manage the number and variety of containers that are generated.  You may need to consult EPA or state authorities for more information.

2. General solid waste: 
Solid (non-hazardous) waste is defined by RCRA as "discarded material."  Although RCRA provides some guidance on non-hazardous solid waste management, in most cases your requirements for waste disposal will be set by your regional solid waste landfill.  For example, the landfill might restrict the types of waste they will accept or set other types of controls on waste disposal.

Other Regulatory Issues:

Landfill operations need to be evaluated and managed for fugitive emissions, particularly dust, which is an ambient air quality pollutant under the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS).   Landfill operators also need to manage for stormwater runoff from the landfill.